My arrowhead vine propagation finally had a few solid roots so I decided to plant him this past weekend. Propagation is one of my favorite ways to build my plant collection because they are cheap (they are often free) and it’s fun to watch your plants grow from little baby plants. I got Oliver as a propagation from a coworker. I asked on our work community board if anyone was interested in selling cuttings from any of their plants. By the end of the workday, I had 11 new plants! My new arrowhead vine, Oliver, was one of them.
The arrowhead vine (Syngonium podophyllum) is a pretty climbing vine that grows aggressively if grown under the right conditions. They had a few large climbing vines on display during our trip to the Missouri Botanical Garden and they were glorious!
The arrowhead vine is a tropical climber which does best in hot, humid locations so unless you’re in the deep, deep south it’s likely that you’ll have to grow yours as a houseplant. You can put them on display on high shelves and let them trail down if you want them to get wild. You can also plant them in a pot and keep them trimmed back. When you trim, you can propagate the trimmings into new plants to build your collection or give away to other plant lovers. Just stick the trimmings in water until roots sprout. Once you have roots, pot them in your favorite planter and watch it grow.
Arrowhead Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) Basics
- Requires bright light but no direct sun
- Can be grown indoors
- Can be trained to grow up a pole or line
- Propagation by stem cuttings
- Mildly toxic to animals
The Arrowhead Vine, like other plants in the Araceae family, contains insoluble oxalate crystals family. If your dog chews or bites into the Arrowhead Vine, these crystals are released and cause tissue penetration and irritation to the mouth and oral cavity. Rarely, this can also lead to swelling of the upper airway making it difficult to breathe. If you’re going to have this vine around animals, know the signs of potential ingestion and have the number for an emergency vet or pet poison helpline readily available. I’m keeping my vine at home. He’s currently on my desk but once he grows bigger I’ll be placing him on a high shelf and keeping him trimmed.
How to Grow an Arrowhead Vine
Unlike a Snake Plant or Haworthia succulents, Arrowhead Vines can be a bit needier and require more attention. It’s not a high maintenance plant but requires more attention than other beginner plants that thrive on a little neglect.
Soil and Water Needs
Like succulents, the Arrowhead Vine prefers a loose, well-drained potting mix so I use the same soil mix I used for my Snake Plant. The soil shouldn’t be sandy but if it’s a little rocky that’s ok.
Since Arrowhead Vines are tropical plants, they should be sprayed with water frequently to maintain high humidity. Also, water them regularly to keep the soil continuously moist throughout spring and summer. You can reduce watering in the winter but don’t let the soil dry out. If it feels dry to the touch, water it.
Propagating Arrowhead Vines
Arrowhead Vines are easy to propagate and can be easily propagated from a cutting. You want the cutting to grow roots which can be done two ways – in soil or in water.
Take a small cutting (a long cutting is more difficult to root) and trim the end. Dip it into water then into the rooting hormone. Too much rooting hormone can lower your chances of the propagation taking root, so a small amount is all you need. Then, place the cutting into a small amount of soil and wait for it to take root. After a couple of weeks, your cutting should have roots and can be moved to a more permanent planter.